What is HIA
Health Impact Assessment, or HIA, is a consensus building process around the future positive and negative health consequences of changes that affect defined populations of people. It may be integrated with other forms of impact assessment (ESHIA/ESIA), or stand-alone.
to ensure that people are protected from the negative consequences of those changes
to ensure that people gain fully from the positive consequences of those changes
Definition of health
A broad definition of health is used, encompassing all of the following:
Well-being includes physical, social, mental, and spiritual well-being.
Health impact assessment is a process as much as a method. the process includes:
screening and scoping
timing and budget
writing a good Terms of Reference (TOR)
choosing a qualified assessor
engaging with stakeholders
reviewing the output
developing management plans.